THE HISTORY OF TINY LIVING
The Tiny House Movement has become a popular phenomenon within the last decade, however, the history of tiny living began hundreds of years ago. Dating as far back as 1000BCE (Before Common Era) with the Mongolian Yurts to the shotgun houses of New Orleans and all the way to the origin of mobile houses themselves. We can see the evolution of how and why humans have chosen to live tiny.
Earliest Forms of Tiny Living
The Yurt (1000BCE)
Originating from ancient Mongolia
Made of wood and animal skin(leather)
Designed to be taken down repeatedly for the nomadic Mongolians
Much like the yurt, tipis were also designed for a nomadic lifestyle
However, tipis originated from the Native Americans, halfway across the world and 500 years later
Igloos originate from the Inuit people, oftentimes coming from areas like Alaska & Canada
Igloos are made of snow and provide warmth from the norths harsh winters
Gypsy Wagons (19th Century)
Gypsy wagons are self-contained houses on wheels
Used throughout Europe during the 19th century
Oftentimes heavily decorated with a gold interior
Shotgun Houses (1860-1920)
Originally designed & built post-civil war in southeast America (specifically New Orleans)
12’ Wide and roughly 500sq.ft
“The name originates from the remark (of unknown origin) that if one stood at the front door and fired a shotgun, the pellets would pass through the doors, all placed in a line, and exit at the rear.” (Ferguson)
Houses become a form of Mass Production
Modular homes are unique as they are built inside of a factory and then shipped and assembled on the homeowner’s land. As opposed to traditional building methods where builders and crew members build the eternity of the house on site. One of the most influential factors in the popularity of modular homes is the fact that it can be built indoors. For many years the Northeast was the largest contributor to modular homes in America. This is largely due to the cold winters and wet springs. With modular homes, we now have the ability to construct all year round with no weather delays. In more recent history, areas like California have increased modular home construction due to the rise in their expensive real estate. Also, in areas like Florida and Louisiana, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, modular homes provided quick and affordable housing.
Sears & Roebuck
The very first ‘modular homes’ came into being during the middle of the 19th century. Sold through catalogs as “kit homes” by businesses like the Alladin Company and Sears & Roebuck. These ‘kit homes’ were much like today’s version of Ikea, selling consumers the parts they needed, and then building it themselves (or in many cases, hiring a contractor to do the building). Saving the middle-class time and money.
In the early 20th century, when Henry Ford invented the assembly line, Sears & Roebuck finally began constructing their modular homes within factories. Fast forward 50 years and modular homes boom in popularity post-WWII. With returning veterans and their families, modular homes provided an affordable, quick, and custom option. Sears & Roebuck sold over 100,000 homes between 1908-1940. Due to the rise of modular homes, in 1976 the US Department of Housing and Urban Development building code (HUD) was born.
How it’s Assembled
Modular homes as we now know are constructed within the factory. However, they are usually built-in pieces, and connected on-site, like a puzzle. You remember those homes you see on trailers with an escort of police vehicles coming down the highway? Those are the pieces of a modular home.
Mobile homes have a very similar history to that of modular homes. The first mobile home was created almost immediately after the birth of the automobile. Providing a luxury the middle class wasn’t able to afford prior. They may not have been able to afford a second home in the country, but they could afford a trailer they could attach to their new automobile. The oldest American travel trailer on record was from 1913, as well as the 1916 Telescope Apartment.
“In 1922, the New York Times predicted that 5 million out of 10 million automobiles would be used for camping.” (Adkins, 2019)
Arthur G. Sherman
The father of the mobile home is commonly referred to as Arthur G. Sherman. Starting his company ‘The Covered Wagon’ in 1929, only 7 years later Sherman had grossed over 3 million dollars in sales. The Covered Wagon was located just outside of Detroit Michigan, which at the time was the epicenter of automobile production. Significantly contributing to the success of his business as suppliers and materials were all local.
“In 1936, the camper and motorhome industry was the fastest growing industry in America. The country was hooked on the freedom that travel trailers allowed them. By 1937 the trailer industry was so large they needed to create an industry trade association, Trailer Coach Manufacturers Association.” (Adkins, 2019)
Apart from the idea of mobile homes themselves, we must also pay attention to the design of mobile homes. Sherman was responsible for designing the iconic bread loaf shape, which became one of the most popular trailer designs in all of American history. Behind the Covered Wagon were the designs such as the Airstream [Wally Byam, 1932] and the SIlver Dome [Wolfie Bodies, 1932].
Much like modular homes, the purchase of mobile homes skyrocketed after WWII. For the same reasons as modular homes, mobile homes provided an affordable, and quick solution to the country’s growing housing needs.
“In 1947 it’s believed that more than 6 million families were living with other family members and friends. The housing shortage was a huge problem and trailer companies stepped up, building more than 60,000 units. By 1948 it’s estimated that 7 percent of the population was living in a trailer house or mobile home.”(Adkins, 2019)
The 1950s gave way to innovative mobile home designs, creating homes that were bigger and better. Such as the 1954 Tri-Level Pacemaker, which became 10’ wide instead of the previous 8’, due to new highway restrictions. By the 1960s mobile homes were reaching up to 53’ in length and introduced double-wide mobile homes, such as the Colonial TownHouse.
Manufactured or Mobile Homes?
At the same time HUD was created in 1976, so was the National Mobile Home Construction and Safety Act(42 USC). By 1980 the word mobile was switched out for the term manufactured homes, as they did not want the word mobile in government documents. Today the terms mobile and manufactured homes are for the most part interchangeable.
Insert the Tiny House Movement
Entering into the 21st Century the real estate market became increasingly larger and more expensive. As a result, the middle class began turning to more affordable and innovative housing solutions. Tiny houses fit the bill and eventually became a worldwide sensation. However, it was during the economic downturn of 2008 that tiny houses truly gained their traction within America. Many people started to downsize from their 2000+ sq.ft houses to smaller, more affordable, and manageable properties. Tiny houses became the perfect solution for a growing problem. Since then the tiny house movement has grown exponentially, with the younger generation placing less emphasis on material goods, the older generation going into retirement, and young families looking for innovative solutions. The tiny house lifestyle began to solve many problems for many people.
B&B Micro Manufacturing recognizes these common problems and provides innovative solutions for the consumer. Not only do we cater to the growing housing needs of today, but also to those of the business and public sector. Offering tiny builds such as tiny homes on wheels & foundation, portable luxury restrooms, backyard offices, as well as disaster relief housing and farm stands. All capable of being RVIA-certified and ADA accessible.
“A Short History of Prefabrication”. Prefab Museum. https://www.prefabmuseum.uk/content/history/short-history-prefabrication
Adkins, Crystal. “The History of Mobile Home is Fascinating”. Mobile Home Living. 09.20.2019. https://mobilehomeliving.org/the-history-of-mobile-homes/
Ferguson, John. “Shotgun House”. 64 Parishes. https://64parishes.org/entry/shotgun-house
Perry, Tristan. “The Interesting History of Tiny Houses: Timeline Explored”. Super Tiny Homes. 01.29.2019. https://www.supertinyhomes.com/tiny-houses/history
“Prefabulous”. Historic England. https://artsandculture.google.com/culturalinstitute/beta/exhibit/1QLyNUcHxjFSIA
“The History and Evolution of Modular Homes”. HOME Stratosphere. https://www.homestratosphere.com/modular-homes-history/
“The History and Evolution of TinyHomes”. HOME Stratosphere. https://www.homestratosphere.com/tiny-homes-histor